Across faith, religious rules bent as virus alters worship services

Published 8:19 am Friday, March 20, 2020

NEW YORK (AP) — Across the United States, religious leaders are taking unprecedented steps to shield their congregations from the coronavirus – canceling services, banning large funerals and weddings, and waiving age-old requirements of their faiths.
For Roman Catholics, attendance at Mass is considered a sacred obligation. But bishops in numerous dioceses announced that they are canceling all public worship services for at least two weeks, in some cases indefinitely. Many other bishops – including all those in Pennsylvania and Ohio — said they were temporarily dispensing with the requirement that parishioners attend Mass.
Comparably strong measures were taken by leaders of many other faiths, ranging from Orthodox Jewish rabbis in New Jersey to Episcopal and United Methodist bishops in North Carolina. From its headquarters in Salt Lake City, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced it is halting all worship services and church activities for its 16 million members worldwide.
Among the Catholic leaders issuing waivers on Mass attendance were Los Angeles Archbishop José Gómez, the president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, and Bishop David Zubik of Pittsburgh, who also asked for changes in the locally popular tradition of parish fish fries during Lent. Zubik urged parishes to offer the fish only on a take-out basis, with no eat-in option.
In the nation’s capital, Archbishop of Washington Wilton Gregory issuing a sweeping order indefinitely canceling public Masses and closing Catholic schools through March 27. He said weddings and funerals may proceed, but should be limited to immediate family.
Like many bishops, he invited parishioners to join in Masses and prayers that will be live-streamed on social media.
The bishop of Salt Lake City, Oscar Solis, issued a similar broad order.
“A general dispensation is given from the Sunday and Holy Day obligation,” he announced. ”Catholics are asked to pray at home, with the rosary, biblical prayer, personal devotions and/or to devoutly watch televised Masses.”
The Archdiocese of San Antonio announced numerous cancellations and postponements, including the annual Catholic Night at the Spurs, now that the city’s lone major league sports team has been sidelined by the suspension of the NBA season.
In North Carolina, bishops of the United Methodist Church and Episcopal Church asked their affiliated churches to cancel public worship services and other gatherings for the next two weeks.
The senior pastor at the nation’s largest United Methodist Church, the Rev. Adam Hamilton, said worship services would be offered only online this weekend, with no in-person access. His 22,000-member Church of the Resurrection has five locations in the Kansas City area.
A senior leader of another major Protestant denomination, New York-based Bishop Paul Egensteiner of Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, asked all congregations in his metropolitan New York region to postpone or cancel in-person services through March 31. He said the regional office would close, and all staffers would work remotely.
The nation’s largest Protestant denomination, the Southern Baptist Convention, grants extensive autonomy to its affiliated churches, leaving decisions on canceling public services up to local pastors.
However, LifeWay Christian Resources, the SBC’s publishing arm, is offering parents a digital “LifeWay Kids At Home” curriculum to fill a void if children were missing out on Sunday School.
One prominent Baptist pastor, Robert Jeffress of First Baptist Church of Dallas, has been vocal in declaring that public services will continue at his megachurch, even if the congregation needs to be divided to comply with a local ban on gatherings of more than 500 people.
Jeffress noted in an interview with KDFW-TV that the NBA was canceling games.
”What we do is more important that what the NBA is doing. That is entertainment. That’s optional,” Jeffress said. “Worship is essential.”
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in addition to halting worship services, plans to hold its twice-yearly conference in April without attendees and only broadcast speeches on TV and the internet. It is the first time in more than 60 years they’ve taken the unusual step of barring the public from the signature conference, where leaders provide spiritual guidance and sometimes announce new programs.
Many members of the religion, widely known as the Mormon church, are expected to spend the time they would normally be at church on Sunday doing home worship using an online curriculum rolled out less than two years ago by church President Russell M. Nelson as part of a push to emphasize more home-based worship.

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